Clin Oral Investig. 2020 Apr;24(4):1395-1400. doi: 10.1007/s00784-019-03098-2. Epub 2019 Oct 24.
OBJECTIVE: A smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) strategy to collect real time data on awake bruxism (AB) has been recently introduced. The aim of this study was to assess the compliance with its use over 1 week in a sample of healthy young adults.
METHOD: Sixty (N = 60) healthy young adults (mean age 24.2 ± 4.1 years) used a dedicated smartphone application that sent 20 alerts at random times throughout the day. Upon alert receipt, the subjects had to report in real time their condition among five possible options: relaxed jaw muscles, teeth contact, teeth clenching, teeth grinding, and mandible bracing. Compliance rate with the app was assessed at the individual and group level in terms of percentage of answered alerts as well as number of days that were needed to reach the targeted observation period of 7 days with a compliance of at least 60%.
RESULTS: The mean compliance recorded with the smartphone application was 67.8% of the total alerts. On average, 9.8 ± 3.2 days (range 7-19) have been necessary to achieve the targeted goal of 7 days with a minimum of 60% alerts/day. No gender differences were detected in any compliance data. Response rate was not different during weekdays or weekends.
CONCLUSIONS: This investigation is the first attempt to assess individual compliance with EMA for reporting awake bruxism. Results suggest that a smartphone-based strategy can have interesting potential. The compliance rate reported in this study will serve as a comparison standpoint for future investigations.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the recent multidisciplinary focus on the study of awake bruxism, EMA has emerged as a potential approach for use in the clinical and research settings. This investigation suggests that compliance with such strategy is good, thus making it worthy of adoption for the assessment of AB and its clinical implications.