Angle Orthod. 2022 Oct 11. doi: 10.2319/052022-371.1. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To provide clinical information on overcorrection to be included in the initial digital setup to make clear aligner therapy (CAT) more efficient.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prescription data for 150 patients (80 women and 70 men; mean age 33.7 ± 12.7 years) treated successfully with CAT (F22 Aligners, Sweden & Martina, Due Carrare, Italy) and requiring only a single, minimal finishing phase were acquired retrospectively. The inclusion criteria were Class I dental malocclusion with only minimal crowding (≤3 mm), 12-20 aligner steps per arch, no use of auxiliaries or interarch elastics, and rotations ≤25° for round-shaped teeth. The prescribed and corrective movements to be achieved in the main and finishing treatment phases, respectively, were quantified by the dedicated clear aligner setup software. The magnitudes of inclination (buccal-lingual crown tipping), angulation (mesial-distal crown tipping), rotation, intrusion, and extrusion were extracted and analyzed by tooth type, maxilla and mandible, and both arches. Descriptive statistics, that is, mean, standard deviation, and percentage, were calculated for each movement investigated. Classification and regression trees (CART) were generated using the model-based recursive partitioning approach, and the corrective movements were correlated with respect to both the amount of the movements prescribed and the tooth type. Statistical significance was set at 5%.
RESULTS: Inclination and rotation required the greatest correction, whereas angulation, intrusion, and extrusion required only minimal correction. Expressed as a percentage of prescribed movement, mean corrective movements were 20.5% for inclination, 14.5% angulation, 28.4% rotation, 11.7% extrusion, and 22% intrusion. According to CART, all corrective movements except extrusion depended on both tooth type and the magnitude of prescribed movement.
CONCLUSIONS: To achieve more efficient CAT, approximately 20% overcorrection should be added to the initial planning phase when planning challenging movements such as inclination and rotation.