Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2022 Oct 12:S0889-5406(22)00546-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2021.08.023. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to test the precision of in-vivo indirect bracket placement via medium-soft, transparent, broad-coverage, computer-aided designed and manufactured transfer trays using an automated digital method.
METHODS: Seventeen patients requiring vestibular fixed appliances were consecutively recruited, and bonding accuracy was measured at each bracket, evaluating 3 linear (mesiodistal, buccolingual, and vertical) and 3 angular measurements (torque, tip, and rotation) with an automated method involving digital superimposition of individual teeth. Mean and standard deviation values were calculated for both arches, single arch, and tooth type, and the percentages of single deviations over the thresholds of 0.25 mm and 1° were calculated, as well as maximum and minimum values for each deviation and directional bias. Correlations between each variable (arch, tooth type, and single tooth) and deviations were investigated through classification and regression trees (CART) predictive models.
RESULTS: Neither mean nor single linear deviations ever exceeded the set cutoff value of 0.25 mm. Mean angular deviations never exceeded 1°, but some individual angular deviations did, specifically 8.31% of torque, 13.16% of tip, and 7.16% of rotation deviations. The highest percentage of deviation was recorded for rotation of the maxillary incisors (18.11%). No evident trend in directional deviation bias was found. Tooth type appears to influence mesiodistal and torque deviations, whereas the single tooth variable influenced the percentage of rotation deviations exceeding 1° (P <0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: This computer-aided designed and manufactured medium-soft, transparent transfer tray provides accurate bracket placement and could be recommended for routinely fixed orthodontics.
PMID:36243597 | DOI:10.1016/j.ajodo.2021.08.023