Angle Orthod. 2022 Nov 1;92(6):714-721. doi: 10.2319/031522-220.1.
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the accuracy of planned tooth movements of torque, tip, rotations, and transverse width values with lingual straight-wire technique.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 Caucasian subjects with mean age of 23.9 years, consecutively treated in private practice with a lingual straight-wire appliance (STb, Ormco, Glendora, Calif) were evaluated. Maxillary and mandibular dental casts were taken before treatment (T0), in the setup (T1), and at the end of treatment (T2) and scanned with an intraoral 3D scanner Carestream CS 3600 (Carestream Dental, Atlanta, GA). Virtual models at the three time points were superimposed on T1 using 3D software, and the coordinates were exported as a set of x, y, and z values. Angular and linear measurements were analyzed to measure torque, tip, rotation movements, and transverse intra-arch widths. Changes among the three time points were analyzed with Friedman’s nonparametric test.
RESULTS: A general increase in torque was recorded in the setup and in the final result, except for the maxillary molars. Torque, tip, and rotation movement mean accuracy was ≥84% for incisors, canines, and premolars. A general increase in transverse width was measured in the setup and in the final models, except for the upper second molars, which showed reduced transverse width during treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: The movements planned in the setup to obtain the ideal torque, tip, and rotations actually occurred, except for second molars, which showed less accuracy. Planned expansion of the arches occurred only partially.